Direct Teaching Methods

What is direct teaching?

Sezin Sevimli on June 25, 2021

The direct method is the method that is used when the teacher is in the classroom and gives training to the students. Teachers conduct their education by connecting with their students and the physical world through verbal speech, expression, and behaviors. We can call this form of education teacher-directed because the teacher stands in the classroom and lectures to the students. Thus, the main factor which directs education is the teacher. In the direct method, the teacher should be able to see the student simultaneously while lecturing.

According to the British Council, the best place to use the direct method is during language acquisition. We can say that the direct method makes the student exposed to the lesson, and the verbal communication is superior. It can even be said that the primary purpose of this use of the direct method is to learn a second language in the same way that the language learner learns his mother tongue.

photo by how I met your mother

Parts of direct teaching

  1. State the instructional objectives and goals
    • Generally, the first lesson should be done to engage students in the lesson. Thus, their interest in the lesson increases.
  2. Review
    • What students have learned before in the lesson is discussed and reviewed. Students are told what they will learn and what is expected of them is explained. Therefore, the student will be more prepared for the lesson.
  3. Present new materials
    • Explain new material to students clearly and understandably. You should explain the process of the lesson to them step by step so that the student can understand it more easily. New material can be presented to the student in several ways; this will vary according to the course and student’s age/interest/needs. Try to find the most appropriate material presentation method.
  4. Guided Practice
    • This is where the main feature of the direct method comes into play; teacher. While the students are trying to fulfill the given tasks, they do them thanks to the teacher’s directions. In this step, students’ mistakes can be corrected, and supporting questions can be asked to understand whether the students have learned or not.
  5. Independent Practice
    • After the teacher’s guidance and corrections, the students can now be given the tasks that they need to accomplish on their own. The students go through certain quizzes or questions and answers in order to use the information they have learned, and thus they will be able to complete the activities on their own.
  6. Feedback
    • If the students are still making mistakes, the teacher should explain the most mistakes in the subject again or correct the students’ mistakes in an explanatory way.
  7.  Evaluation/ review
    • Before moving on to a new topic, the teacher should determine whether the students fully understand the information on the current topic.
photo by education.com’s teacher voice

Questions you need to consider

Before you include the direct teaching method into your understanding of education, you should consider some key questions to use it effectively.

  • Do the students have any existing knowledge on this subject to a certain extent?
  • What is the age range of students?
  • How should the subject order of the lessons be?
  • What might be the needs of students to learn this subject?
  • What could be the projects and activities that will attract the attention of the students?

How can you include it in your education process?

Since the direct method is a method in which the teacher takes an active role, teaching-oriented strategies can be tried. These include activities such as Q&As, peer studies to support speech, and reading aloud to control diction.

Of course, it is essential to create a safe environment for the student while performing these activities. Indeed, the student’s mistakes must be corrected, but we must do so in an encouraging way, not in an unpleasant manner. Regardless of age, people don’t like places where they are humiliated and may lose their enthusiasm to try something when they feel incompetent. We should allow students to make mistakes and guide them to the right.

photo by raisingchildren.net.au

What Are the Advantages?

  • Since the direct method includes live interaction, it can make the learning process more fun and pleasant.
  • It prepares an environment to effectively use all of the listening, writing, reading, and speaking skills.
  • Using the direct method in the language learning process provides a good route for correcting pronunciation errors.
  • It allows the teacher to intervene in the situation and facilitate the e-teaching process, taking into account the student’s needs.
  • The active role of the teacher prevents the distraction of the student.
  • It improves student participation.

What Are the Disadvantages?

  • It requires well-trained teachers.
  • It includes very time-consuming activities. If the activities are desired to be paired with all students, they can become extremely time-consuming.
  • It can be challenging to apply this method with slow learners.
  • During language acquisition, newly learned words might cause difficulties for students, and live lessons do not overcome these difficulties.

You might also want to check out this video made by TeachLikeThis channel.

To get further detail, check these pages too!

REFERENCES

Advantages & Disadvantages of Direct Method. (2020, July 29). Save Time Channel. https://savetimechannel.blogspot.com/2020/07/Advatages-disadvantages-Direct-Method.html

Moore, K. D. (2009). Effective Instructional Strategies: From Theory to Practice (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Prakash, J. (n.d.). What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Direct Method of Teaching English? Preserve Articles. https://www.preservearticles.com/education/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-direct-method-of-teaching-english/5345

Sam, A. (2015, August 12). Explain Briefly Direct Method Advantages and Disadvantage. Notes Read. https://notesread.com/explain-briefly-direct-method-advantages-and-disadvantage/

TeachLikeThis. (2013, October 12). How to do Direct Instruction [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJJkkUPC_yM

Wikipedia contributors. (2021, February 12). Direct method (education). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:13, June 25, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Direct_method_(education)&oldid=1006283478