Classroom Management

What is classroom management?

Sezin Sevimli on June 25, 2021

Classroom management is the whole of the rules and principles that the teacher uses in the lesson. The teacher should have an accurate and appropriate classroom management approach to make students’ learning more effective. This understanding can be shaped according to the subject covered, the age and majority of the students, the curriculum, and many more. Therefore, there is no rule. In short, classroom management is the skills and techniques created by the teacher so that the teacher can teach the lesson well without interruption and that the students do not act incompatible with the lesson.

So why is it important?

Classroom management is the root of all the basic elements needed to understand a course. Even with an incorrect setting, the student’s full attention can be lost throughout a lesson. Classroom management is important for the lessons to be easily understood and explained without interruption and discomfort.

Stock photo of a classroom. (skynesher /

How can you achieve effective classroom management?

There are certain times and points that you need to pay attention to in order to make Classroom management effective. Now let’s examine them together

1) Starting your lesson

The beginning of the lesson is a very important step for both the teacher and the student. First, the teacher should set the time for the beginning of the lesson. If there are no rules about a certain time, students will come to the lesson late and interrupt the lesson in half. The teacher should give the rules about the beginning of the lesson from the first lesson so that the students can better perform the behaviors expected of them.

2) Rules

The teacher should act both strictly and in a way that will not put the students in a difficult situation about the rules. Write or post the rules where students can see them. Thus, students can always be aware of the rules. In addition, the teacher can make sure that the rules are not broken again by giving extra homework or mini-tasks to the students when they broke the rules during the term.

3) Appropriate seating arrangement

The seating arrangement is very important. Some students try to talk to their friends more than others. The teacher can place the speaking students in appropriate places so that they can focus on the lesson. Students should not sit where they cannot see the teacher. When the student cannot see the teacher, they lose their attention.

photo by

The following sitting styles are the most useful for the teacher. The focus of the student belongs to the teacher and the teacher provides great convenience in maintaining order

photo by lucidchart

photo by lucidchart

4) Pupil talk

The teacher should make sure that the students do not talk to each other too much during the lesson. Peer activities can be done to make the students talk or interact with the students, but once the students’ order is broken, the lesson is not taught efficiently.

5) Homeworks

Teachers should give homework related to the content of the lessons. The fact that the homework is too difficult can alienate the student from the lesson. You can start slowly and then move on to difficult tasks. Homework should be set up in a way that will move the student’s teaching forward, not as a punishment.

6) Engage with students

The most effective thing a teacher can do is establish and maintain a good bond with their students. The teacher should take care of the students and know the methods that bore and amuse them. In this way, the teacher will analyze the appropriate topics with effective methods at the appropriate time for the student and establish good communication with his/her student.

7) Celebrate and encourage

Celebrating and congratulating students on their hard work and achievements, and encouraging students who sometimes fail is a good step towards renewing student motivation. The students should accept that they can make mistakes and should not be afraid of making mistakes. In this way, when they make a mistake, they can consult the teacher and try more determinedly to turn these mistakes into the right.

To summarize, it can be said that the common feature of all suggestions is that the teacher’s rules are presented to the student in an understandable way. The teacher’s behavior and the ability to effectively apply classroom management tactics are directly related to students’ understanding of the lesson. The teacher should not only act as an authoritarian to maintain peace in the classroom but also avoid forcing students to do anything. In this way, students will love the lesson even more and the teacher’s job will be easier.


Cini, S. (n.d.). Seven Key Elements for Effective Classroom Management. Classroom.

Frey, N. (2011). Creating a Classroom Management Plan.
In The Effective Teacher’s Guide: 50 Ways to Engage
Students and Promote Interactive Learning (2nd Ed.). New
York/London: The Guilford Press. (pp. 21-35)

Muijs, D. & Reynolds, D. (2011). Classroom Management.
In Effective Teaching: Evidence and Practice (3rd Ed.)
London: SAGE Publications. (pp. 101-112)

Mulvahill, E. (2018, February 12). What Is Classroom Management? We Are Teachers.

Wikipedia contributors. (2021, June 13). Classroom management. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:26, June 25, 2021, from